Optimising low-energy defibrillation in 2D cardiac tissue with a genetic algorithm


Sequences of low-energy electrical pulses can effectively terminate ventricular fibrillation (VF) and avoid the side effects of conventional high-energy electrical defibrillation shocks, including tissue damage, traumatic pain, and worsening of prognosis. However, the systematic optimisation of sequences of low-energy pulses remains a major challenge. Using 2D simulations of homogeneous cardiac tissue and a genetic algorithm, we demonstrate the optimisation of sequences with non-uniform pulse energies and time intervals between consecutive pulses for efficient VF termination. We further identify model-dependent reductions of total pacing energy ranging from $∼$4textpercent to $∼$80textpercent compared to reference adaptive-deceleration pacing (ADP) protocols of equal success rate (100textpercent).

Frontiers in Network Physiology 3: 1172454