Susceptibility of transient chimera states


Chaotic dynamics of a dynamical system is not necessarily persistent. If there is (without any active intervention from outside) a transition towards a (possibly nonchaotic) attractor, this phenomenon is called transient chaos, which can be observed in a variety of systems, e.g., in chemical reactions, population dynamics, neuronal activity, or cardiac dynamics. Also, chimera states, which show coherent and incoherent dynamics in spatially distinct regions of the system, are often chaotic transients. In many practical cases, the control of the chaotic dynamics (either the termination or the preservation of the chaotic dynamics) is desired. Although the self-termination typically occurs quite abruptly and can so far in general not be properly predicted, previous studies showed that in many systems a textquoteleftterminal transient phase” (TTP) prior to the self-termination existed, where the system was less susceptible against small but finite perturbations in different directions in state space. In this study, we show that, in the specific case of chimera states, these susceptible directions can be related to the structure of the chimera, which we divide into the coherent part, the incoherent part and the boundary in between. That means, in practice, if self-termination is close we can identify the direction of perturbation which is likely to maintain the chaotic dynamics (the chimera state). This finding improves the general understanding of the state space structure during the TTP, and could contribute also to practical applications like future control strategies of epileptic seizures which have been recently related to the collapse of chimera states.

Physical Review E 102: 032219